The severity of your back pain is not the only indicator that your lower back pain is serious or not. For example, if you have pain from a pulled lower back muscle it can be intense, but it will be curable after a few days of basic care through home remedies. On the other side, lumbar degenerative disc disease can cause moderate pain in the lower back and this kind of pain is not necessarily intense, but it may get worse over the period of time if not treated. In these cases, your spine surgeon will recommend a long-term treatment plan to cure back pain.
When to visit a doctor?
If you do not get relief from your lower back pain within 1 to 2 weeks then it’s a time to visit a doctor, however, this pain is not a sign of a medical emergency, but your surgeon can provide you with an accurate diagnosis and recommend the best treatment plan so that you can get rid out of back pain.
It is very important to take a good treatment plan when your back pain symptoms are diagnosed as taking a wrong treatment plan can make your back pain worse. The surgeons at the hospitals under Spine Surgery India always recommend a good treatment plan at a very reasonable cost and this makes these hospitals at the top in the list for treating all kind of spine conditions.
What are the causes of lower back pain?
The following are some common causes due to which lower back pain occurs and these are:
a) Strains: When there is a stretch or tear in your muscles and ligaments in the back which can be due to excess activity. The symptoms of strains include pain and stiffness in your lower back which can be taken care by taking proper rest and physical therapy.
b) Disc Injury: The back discs are prone to injury and this risk of injury will increase with age. The outside of the disc can herniate or tear. According to the study, a herniated disc occurs when the outer ring becomes weak and it allows the inner portion to slip out. Your disc will slip out when to perform hard exercises such as twisting, lifting heavy objects, etc. Lifting heavy objects can put a strain on your lower back and the result is a herniated disc. Unlike a back strain, pain from a disc injury usually lasts for more than 3 days.
c) Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a cause of lower back pain which put pressure on the spinal cord and it occurs due to degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae and it results in compression of the nerve roots by bony spurs or soft tissues. It has been found that pressure on the spinal nerves causes symptoms which include numbness, cramping, and weakness. These are the symptoms that can occur anywhere in your body. Most of the people with spinal stenosis notice their symptoms getting worse when they stand or walk.
d) Sciatica: Sciatica is a condition of the spine which can occur with a herniated disc. If herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve which results in severe pain in legs as the sciatic nerve connects the spine to the legs. You may experience pain in the legs and feet and this pain is like burning or pins and needles.
e) Abnormal Spine Curvatures: Abnormal curvatures in the spine scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis conditions of the spine. These are congenital conditions and are the surgeons diagnosed first these conditions when patients are children and teenagers. The abnormal spine curvature put the pressure on the muscles, ligaments, ligaments, vertebrae, etc. which cause pain and poor posture.
What are the treatments available to treat the lower back pain?
The following are the best treatments available at the hospitals under Spine Surgery India to treat the lower back pain Treatment India and these are:
- Medications: Your surgeon will recommend the medications according to the type of lower back pain you have:
i.) Over-the-counter (OTC) medications: Your spine surgeon will recommend non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium which give relief from pain. You need to take the dosage of these medications as prescribed by your surgeon as overuse of these medicines can cause serious side effects.
ii.) Muscle relaxants: If you have lower back pain which is mild to moderate and does not get improved with OTC pain relievers then your surgeon will prescribe a muscle relaxant which makes sleepy.
iii.) Narcotics: This is a type of a drug which contains opioids and may be used for a short period of time under the close supervision of your spine surgeon. A narcotic is a drug which is not for chronic pain, in such cases, your prescription will only provide less relief which is less than a week.
iv.) Injections: If other medications are failed to provide relief in pain and your pain radiates down to your legs in such cases, your surgeon will give injectable medication which is an anti-inflammatory medication. Your surgeon will give an injection called cortisone which helps in decreasing inflammation around the nerve roots, but the pain relief usually lasts only for a few months.
Physical therapy and exercise:
The hospitals under Spine Surgery India have physical therapists who offer you variety of treatments, such as ice or heat packs, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, muscle release techniques, etc.to your back muscles which help in reducing pain.
We assign you the best therapist who will teach you the exercises which increases your flexibility and strengthen your back and abdominal muscles, and also it will improve your posture.
There are few people who need surgery for back pain as all other treatments were failed to provide relief from back pain. This is the last option which the spine surgeon will recommend when pain associated with radiating leg pain or progressive muscle weakness which is caused by nerve compression. Usually, the spine surgeons perform surgery for pain related to structural problems, such as narrowing of the spine, a herniated disc, etc. which is not curable with other therapy.